Teaching‎ > ‎

2011-2 POL5131-01

[20112학기] 국제안보론(International Security)

정치외교학과 최종건 교수

연희관 113-1 / 2123-5946   E-mail: Jongchoi@yonsei.ac.kr

 

수업목표 개요_Background Motive

동북아, 북한, 한반도 긴장 등, 우리는 참으로 이 지역의 안보 담론에 혹사되어 있다. 물론 우리에게는 중요한 이슈이기도 하다. 그러나 따지고 보면, 북한 핵 문제, 중국의 부상, 미국과의 동맹 등은 국제안보라는 영역에서 파생된 것들이다. 거대한 시스템인 국제정치의 통시적인 그러나 꼼꼼한 이해가 필요하다. 따라서 이 강의에서는 의도적으로 동북아 주제들을 빼고 이론적, 분석적 그리고 체제적 안보학을 학습하고자 한다.본 대학원 세미나는 국제정치이론과 안보학을 병합하여 국제정치상에서 관찰되었거나 현재 관찰되는 안보현황을 분석하는 것을 목표로 한다. 국제정치이론의 안보학(security studies)에 대한 문헌을 강독하고, 과거와 현재의 안보사례를 분석한다. 이론적 학습과 정책의 적용을 동시에 추구하지만, 이는 수강생의 학습 목적에 따라 결정할 수 있다. 본 세미나의 주요 주제로는 핵확산, 대 테러, 지역협의체, 환경안보, 불량국가, 패권국가, 부상국가, 국제기구, 국내정치 등이며 사실상 국제안보에 관한 포괄적 주제를 다룰 것이다.

 

성적평가_Course Evaluation

석사과정: 수업토론 30%, 발제 20%, 기말 논문 50%이다. // 박사과정: 수업토론 20%, 발제 10%, 기말논문 70%.

 

Course Schedule

 

Week 1. 세미나 오리엔테이션 & 샘플강의 

 

Week 2. 안보학의 이해  

Stephen M. Walt, “Renaissance of Security Studies,”. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 35, No. 2. (Jun., 1991), pp. 211-239; Richard H. Ullman, “Redefining Security,” in Sean M. Lynn-Jones and Steven E. Miller ,eds., Global Dangers: Changing Dimensions of International Security (Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 1995),pp. 15-42; David A. Baldwin, “The Concept of Security,” Review of International Studies, Vol. 23,No. 1 (January 1997), pp. 5-26; Alan Collins, “Introduction: What is Security Studies,” in Alan Collins, ed., Contemporary Security Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), pp. 1-10; 함택영, 박영준 편, 안전보장의 국제정치학 (서울 : 사회평론, 2010), Ch.1 & Ch.2

 

Week 3. WAR AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS THEORIES

Patrick Morgan, “Security in International Politics: Traditional Approaches,” in AlanCollins, ed., Contemporary Security Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), pp. 13-34; W. C. Wohlforth, “Realism and the End of the Cold War,” in M.E. Brown, S. M. Lynn-Jones and S.E. Miller, eds., The Perils of Anarchy: Contemporary Realism and International Security. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 1995, pp. 3-42; Jervis, Robert. 2002. "Theories of War in an Era of Leading-Power Peace: Presidential Address, American Political Science Association, 2001." American Political Science Review 96 (1):1-14; Jack S. Levy, "The Causes of War: A Review of Theories and Evidence," in Philip Tetlock etal, eds., Behavior, Society, and Nuclear War, vol. 1. New York: Oxford University Press,1989. Pp. 209-333; James Fearon, "Rationalist Explanations for War," International Organization, Vol. 49, No.3 (Summer 1995), pp. 379-414; Jonathan Kirshner, “Rationalist Explanations for War? Security Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1 (Summer 2000), pp. 143-50; Robert M. Sapolsky, ”A Natural History of Peace,” Foreign Affairs, vol. 85, no. 1 (January/February 2006), pp.104-120.참고 : 함택영, 박영준 편, 안전보장의 국제정치학 (서울 : 회평론, 2010),ch.3, ch.4 & ch.5.

 

Week 4. ON POWER 

John J. Mearsheimer, The Tragedy of Great Power Politics, Ch. 3, pp. 5582; Robert J. Art, “The Fungibility of Force,” in Robert Art and Kenneth Waltz, eds., The Use of Force: Military Power and International Politics, pp. 322; Joseph Nye, Soft Power, Ch.s 1,3; Morgenthau, Hans J. Politics Among Nations (New York: Knopf., 1948) Ch. 9; 함택영, 국가안보의 정치경제학 : 남북한의 경제력, 국가역량, 군사력 (서울: 법문사, 1998), 2, 3장.

 

Week 5. SECURITY DILLEMMA

Charles Glaser, "The Security Dilemma Revisited," World Politics 50 (October 1997):171-201Robert Jervis, "Cooperation Under the Security Dilemma," World Politics, Vol. 30, No.2 (January1978), pp. 317-349; Stephen Biddle, “Rebuilding the Foundations of Offense-Defense Theory,” The Journal of Politics 63 (August 2001), pp. 741-77; Steven. Van Evera, 1998. "Offense, Defense, and the Causes of War." International Security, vol. 22, no.4 (Winter 1988), pp. 5-43;K. Lieber, “Grasping the Technological Peace,” International Security 25 (Summer 2000), pp.71-104.

 

Week 6. NUCLEAR POLITICS 

Scott D. Sagan, “Why Do States Build Nuclear Weapons? Three Models in Search of a Bomb,” International Security 21, no. 3 (Winter 1996/97), pp. 54-86; Kenneth N. Waltz, “Nuclear Myths and Political Realities,” American Political Science Review 84, no. 3 (September 1990), pp. 731-745; Scott D. Sagan, "The Perils of Proliferation: Organization Theory, Deterrence Theory, and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons." International Security, Vol 18, No.4 (Winter, 1994.), pp. 66- 107; John Mueller, “the Essential Irrelevance of Nuclear Weapons : Stability in the Post World,” International Security, Vol. 13, No.2 (Fall 1988), pp. 55-79; William C. Potter and Gaukhar Mukhatzhanova, “Divining Nuclear Intentions: A Review Essay,” International Security (Summer 2008), pp. 139-169; Robert Jervis, "The Political Effects of Nuclear Weapons," International Security, 13 (Fall 1988), pp. 80-90; P Feaver and E. Niou, “Managing Nuclear Proliferation: Condemn, Strike or Assist?” ISQ Vol. 40, No. 2 (June 1996), pp.209-233. 참조: Scott D. Sagan and

Kenneth N. Waltz, The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate Renewed, 2nd ed. (New York: Norton, 2003).

 

Week 7. STRATEGIC INTERACTION 

Thomas Schelling, The Strategy of Conflict, chaps. 1-3, 8-9; Thomas C. Schelling, Arms and Influence, chaps. 1-3; David Lake and Robert Powell, eds., Strategic Choice and International Relations, ch. 1.Kenneth Oye, Cooperation Under Anarchy, chaps by Oye, Jervis, Axelrod and Keohane; Robert Axelrod, The Evolution of Cooperation, chaps., 2, 7.

 

Week 8. MID-TERM

 

Week 9. COERCION & ENGAGEMENT 

Daniel W. Drezner, “The Hidden Hand of Economic Coercion,” International Organization 57, no. 3 (Summer 2003): 643-659; Andrew L. Stigler, “A Clear Victory for Air Power: NATO’s Empty Threat to Invade Kosovo,” International Security 27, no. 3 (Winter 2002/03): 124-157; Daryl Press, "The Myth of Air Power in the Persian Gulf War," International Security 26 (Fall 2001), 5-44; Richard Betts, “Is Strategy an Illusion?,” International Security (Fall 2000), pp.5-50 & David Baldwin, "The Power of Positive Sanctions," World Politics 24 (October 1971):19-38; Robert Keohane, "Reciprocity in International Relations," International Organization 40 (1986):1-28;

 

Week 10. DETERRENCE

Robert Jervis, "Deterrence Theory Revisited," World Politics, Vol. 31, No. 2 (January 1979), pp. 289-324; Robert Jervis, Perception and Misperception in International Politics, ch. 3, "Deterrence, the Spiral Model, and Perceptions of the Adversary."; Paul Huth and Bruce Russett, "What Makes Deterrence Work? Cases from 1900 to 1980," World Politics, Vol. 36, No. 4 (July 1984), pp. 496-526; Christopher Achen and Duncan Snidal, "Rational Deterrence Theory and Comparative Case Studies," World Politics, Vol. 41, No. 2 (January 1989), pp. 143-169. Alexander George and Richard Smoke, "Deterrence and Foreign Policy," World Politics, Vol. 41, No. 2 (January 1989), pp. 170-182; Richard Ned Lebow and Janice Gross Stein, "Rational Deterrence Theory: I Think, Therefore I Deter," World Politics, Vol. 41, No. 2 (January 1989), pp. 208-224.

 

Week 11. ASYMMETRICAL CONFLICTS 

Andrew J. R. Mack, “Why Big Nations Lose Small Wars: The Politics of Asymmetric Conflict,” World Politics 27, no. 2 (January 1975): 175-200; Robert A. Pape, “The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism,” American Political Science Review 97, no. 3 (August 2003): 343-361; T.V Paul, Asymmetric Conflicts : War Initiation by Weaker Powers (Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1994), Ch.1,2,5 &8; Ivan Arrenguin-Toft, "How the Weak Win Wars: A Theory of Asymmetric Conflict", International Security, 26, 1 (Summer 2001), 93-128.

 

Week 12. DOMESTIC POLITICS AND WAR 

Stephen Walt, “Revolution and War,” World Politics 44, no. 3 (April 1992); Jack Levy, “The Diversionary Theory of War: A Critique,”

in Manus Midlarsky, ed., The Handbook of War Studies (Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1989); Randall Schweller, “Unanswered Threats: A

Neoclassical Theory of Underbalancing,” International Security, Vol. 29, No.2 (Fall, 2004), pp. 159-201.

 

Week 13. RESOURCE COMPETITION, ENERGY AND CLIMATE CHANGE 

Michael Klare, “The New Geography of Conflict,” Foreign Affairs (May/June 2001), pp.49-61; David Victor, “What Resource Wars?” The National Interest, (November/December2007), 48-55; Michael L. Ross, How Do Natural Resources Influence Civil War?Evidence from Thirteen Cases,” International Organization (Winter 2004), pp. 35-67; Alan Dupont, “the Strategic Implications of Climate Change,” Survival (June/July 2008),pp. 29-47;Nader Elhefnawy, “The Impending Oil Shock,” Survival (April/May 2008), 37-66.

 

Week 14. SECURITY EXPERTS? 

 

Week 15.

 

Week 16. FINAL-EXAM