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2012-2 POL5131-01

[2012년 2학기] 국제안보론 International Security (목 6,7,8)
정치외교학과 최종건 교수
연희관 113-1호 / 2123-5946   E-mail:
Jongchoi@yonsei.ac.kr
 
 
 
수업목표 및 개요_Background Motive
동북아, 북한, 한반도 긴장등, 우리는 참으로 이 지역의 안보 담론에 혹사되어 있다. 물론 우리에게는 중요한 이슈이기도 하다. 그러나 따지고 보면, 북한 핵 문제, 중국의 부상, 미국과의 동맹 등은 국제안보라는 영역에서 파생된 것들이다. 거대한 시스템인 국제정치의 통시적인 그러나 꼼꼼한 이해가 필요하다. 따라서 이 강의에서는 의도적으로 동북아 주제들을 빼고 이론적, 분석적 그리고 체제적 안보학을 학습하고자 한다. 
본 대학원 세미나는 국제정치이론과 안보학을 병합하여 국제정치상에서 관찰되었거나 현재 관찰되는 안보현황을 분석하는 것을 목표로 한다. 국제정치이론의 안보학 (security studies)에 대한 문헌을 강독하고, 과거와 현재의 안보사례를 분석한다. 이론적 학습과 정책의 적용을 동시에 추구하지만, 이는 수강생의 학습 목적에 따라 결정할 수 있다. 본 세미나의 주요 주제로는 핵확산, 대테러, 지역협의체, 환경안보, 불량국가, 패권국가, 부상국가, 국제기구, 국내정치등이며 사실상 국제안보에 관한 포괄적 주제를 다룰 것이다. 각 주제에 부합하는 이론적 학습과 현상에 대한 설명적 이해를 중심으로 세미나를 진행할 것 이며, 무엇보다도 교수와 수강생간, 그리고 수강생간의 치열하고 비판적인 토론을 중심으로 세미나를 진행할 것이다. 교수는 세미나를 세미나처럼 운영할 것임을 명백히 할 것이며, 이에 수강생은 세미나 자료를 강독해야 할 것이다.
 
 
성적평가_Course Evaluation
성적평가방법은 석사과정의 경우 수업토론이 30%이며, 발제는 20%, 그리고 기말 논문이 50%이다. 박사과정은 수업토론이 20%, 발제 10%, 그리고 기말논문이 70%이다. 논문은 서평, 연구제안서, 연구보고서 중 1가지를 선택할 수 있다. 석사과정의 경우, 서평과 연구제안서를 권고하며, 박사과정은 연구제안서와 연구보고서를 권고하지만, 특정한 제약을 두지는 않겠다.
*논문 주제는 교수와 면담 후 정하는 것을 원칙으로 할 것임.
 
 
강의계획_Course Schedule
 
 
Week 1. 09.06. 세미나 오리엔테이션 & 샘플강의
NO READING.
 
 
Week 2. 09.13. 안보학의 이해
 Stephen M. Walt, “Renaissance of Security Studies,”. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 35, No. 2. (Jun., 1991), pp. 211-239; Richard H. Ullman, “Redefining Security,” in Sean M. Lynn-Jones and Steven  E. Miller,eds., Global Dangers: Changing Dimensions of International Security (Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 1995),pp. 15-42;
David A. Baldwin, “The Concept of Security,” Review of International Studies, Vol. 23,No. 1 (January 1997), pp. 5-26;
Alan Collins, “Introduction: What is Security Studies,” in Alan Collins, ed., Contemporary Security Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), pp. 1-10;
함택영, 박영준 편, 안전보장의 국제정치학 (서울 : 사회평론, 2010), Ch.1 & Ch.2.
 
 
 
Week 3. 09.20. WAR AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS THEORIES
Patrick Morgan, “Security in International Politics: Traditional Approaches,” in Alan Collins, ed., Contemporary Security Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), pp. 13-34;
W. C. Wohlforth, “Realism and the End of the Cold War,” in M.E. Brown, S. M. Lynn-Jones and S.E. Miller, eds., The Perils of Anarchy: Contemporary Realism and International Security. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 1995, pp. 3-42;
Jervis, Robert. 2002. "Theories of War in an Era of Leading-Power Peace: Presidential Address, American Political Science Association, 2001." American Political Science Review 96 (1):1-14;
Jack S. Levy, "The Causes of War: A Review of Theories and Evidence," in Philip Tetlock etal, eds., Behavior, Society, and Nuclear War, vol. 1. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989. Pp. 209-333; James Fearon, "Rationalist Explanations for War," International Organization, Vol. 49, No.3 (Summer 1995), pp. 379-414;
Jonathan Kirshner, “Rationalist Explanations for War? Security Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1 (Summer 2000), pp. 143-50;
Robert M. Sapolsky, ”A Natural History of Peace,” Foreign Affairs, vol. 85, no. 1 (January/February 2006), pp.104-120.
참고 : 함택영, 박영준 편, 안전보장의 국제정치학 (서울 : 사회평론, 2010),ch.3, ch.4 & ch.5.
 
 
 
Week 4. 09.27. On Power
John J. Mearsheimer, The Tragedy of Great Power Politics, Ch. 3, pp. 55‐82;
Robert J. Art, “The Fungibility of Force,” in Robert Art and Kenneth Waltz, eds., The Use of Force: Military Power and International Politics, pp. 3‐22;

 

Joseph Nye, Soft Power, Ch.s 1,3; Morgenthau, Hans J. Politics Among Nations (New York: Knopf., 1948) Ch. 9;
함택영, 국가안보의 정치경제학 : 남북한의 경제력, 국가역량, 군사력 (서울: 법문사, 1998), 제2, 3장.

Week 5. 10.04. SECURITY DILLEMMA
Charles Glaser, "The Security Dilemma Revisited," World Politics 50 (October 1997): pp. 171-201;
Robert Jervis, "Cooperation Under the Security Dilemma," World Politics, Vol. 30, No.2 (January1978), pp. 317-349;
Stephen Biddle, “Rebuilding the Foundations of Offense-Defense Theory,” The Journal of Politics 63 (August 2001), pp. 741-77;
Steven. Van Evera, 1998. "Offense, Defense, and the Causes of War." International Security, vol. 22, no.4 (Winter 1988), pp. 5-43;
K. Lieber, “Grasping the Technological Peace,” International Security 25 (Summer 2000), pp.71-104.
 
 
 
Week 6. 10.11. NUCLEAR POLITICS
Scott D. Sagan, “Why Do States Build Nuclear Weapons? Three Models in Search of a Bomb,” international Security 21, no. 3 (Winter 1996/97), pp. 54-86;
Kenneth N. Waltz, “Nuclear Myths and Political Realities,” American Political Science Review 84, no. 3 (September 1990), pp. 731-745;
Scott D. Sagan, "The Perils of  Proliferation: Organization Theory, Deterrence Theory, and the spread of Nuclear Weapons." International Security, Vol 18, No.4 (Winter, 1994.), pp. 66- 107;
John Mueller, “the Essential Irrelevance of Nuclear Weapons : Stability in the Post World,” International Security, Vol. 13, No.2 (Fall 1988), pp. 55-79;
Etel Solingen, Nuclear Logis : Contrasting Paths in East Asia and the Middle East (Princeton : Princeton University Press, 2007), Ch.1 and Ch2.
 
 
 
Week 7. 10.18. STRATEGIC INTERACTION
Thomas Schelling, The Strategy of Conflict, chaps. 1-3, 8-9;
Thomas C. Schelling, Arms and Influence, chaps. 1-3;
David Lake and Robert Powell, eds., Strategic Choice and International Relations, ch. 1.
Kenneth Oye, Cooperation Under Anarchy, chaps by Oye, Jervis, Axelrod and Keohane; Robert Axelrod, The Evolution of Cooperation, chaps., 2, 7.
 
 
 
Week 8. 10.25. Mid-Term
 
 
 
Week 9. 11.01. COERCION & ENGAGEMENT
  Daniel W. Drezner, “The Hidden Hand of Economic Coercion,” International Organization 57, no. 3 (Summer 2003): 643-659;
Andrew L. Stigler, “A Clear Victory for Air Power: NATO’s Empty Threat to Invade Kosovo,” International Security 27, no. 3 (Winter 2002/03): 124-157;
Daryl Press, "The Myth of Air Power in the Persian Gulf War," International Security 26 (Fall 2001), 5-44;
Richard Betts, “Is Strategy an Illusion?,” International Security (Fall 2000), pp.5-50 & David Baldwin, "The Power of Positive Sanctions," World Politics 24 (October 1971):19-38;
Robert Keohane, "Reciprocity in International Relations," International Organization 40 (1986):1-28;
 
 
 
Week 10. 11.08. DETERRENCE
Robert Jervis, "Deterrence Theory Revisited," World Politics, Vol. 31, No. 2 (January 1979), pp. 289-324;
Robert Jervis, Perception and Misperception in International Politics, ch. 3, "Deterrence, the Spiral Model, and Perceptions of the
Adversary."; Paul Huth and Bruce Russett, "What Makes Deterrence Work? Cases from 1900 to 1980," World Politics, Vol. 36, No. 4 (July 1984), pp. 496-526;
Christopher Achen and Duncan Snidal, "Rational Deterrence Theory and Comparative Case Studies," World Politics, Vol. 41, No. 2 (January 1989), pp. 143-169.
Alexander George and Richard Smoke, "Deterrence and  Foreign Policy," World Politics, Vol. 41, No. 2 (January 1989), pp. 170-182;
Richard Ned Lebow and Janice Gross Stein, "Rational Deterrence Theory: I Think, Therefore I Deter," World Politics, Vol. 41, No. 2 (January 1989), pp. 208-224.
 
 
 
Week 11. 11.15. Asymmetrical conflict 
 Andrew J. R. Mack, “Why Big Nations Lose Small Wars: The Politics of Asymmetric Conflict,” World Politics 27, no. 2 (January 1975): 175-200;
Robert A. Pape, “The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism,” American Political Science Review 97, no. 3 (August 2003): 343-361;
T.V Paul, Asymmetric Conflicts : War Initiation by Weaker Powers (Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1994), Ch.1,2,5 &8;
Ivan Arrenguin-Toft, "How the Weak Win Wars: A Theory of Asymmetric Conflict", International Security, 26, 1 (Summer 2001), 93-128
 

 

Week 12. 11.22. DOMESTIC POLITICS AND WAR
Stephen Walt, “Revolution and War,” World Politics 44, no. 3 (April 1992);
Jack Levy, “The Diversionary Theory of War: A Critique,” in Manus Midlarsky, ed., The Handbook of War Studies (Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1989);
Randall Schweller, “Unanswered Threats: A Neoclassical Theory of Underbalancing,” International Security, Vol. 29, No.2 (Fall, 2004), pp. 159-201.
 
 
 
Week 13. 11.29. RESOURCE COMPETITION, ENERGY AND CLIMATE CHANGE
Michael Klare, “The New Geography of Conflict,” Foreign Affairs (May/June 2001), pp.49-61;
David Victor, “What Resource Wars?” The National Interest, (November/December2007), 48-55;
Michael L. Ross, How Do Natural Resources Influence Civil War? Evidence from Thirteen Cases,” International Organization (Winter 2004), pp. 35-67;
Alan Dupont, “the Strategic Implications of Climate Change,” Survival (June/July 2008),pp. 29-47;
Nader Elhefnawy, “The Impending Oil Shock,” Survival (April/May 2008), 37-66.
 
 
 
Week 14. 12.06. Rise of the Rest
Charles A Kupchan, No One`s World : The West, the Rising Rest and the Coming Global Turn (Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2012), Ch.1, Ch, 4;
Fareed Zakaria, The Post American World Updated and Expanded 2.0 (New York : Norton, 2011), ch.1,2 and 4.
 
 
 
Week 15. 12.13.
 
 


Week 16. 12.20. Final