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2014-2 POL5131-01

[20142학기] 국제안보론 International Security (9,10,11)

정치외교학과 최종건 교수

연희관 113-1 / 2123-5946   E-mail: Jongchoi@yonsei.ac.kr, Webpage: http://jongkunchoi.com

수업목표 및 개요_Background Motive

동북아, 북한, 한반도 긴장 등, 우리는 참으로 이 지역의 안보 담론에 혹사되어 있다. 물론 우리에게는 중요한 이슈이기도 하다. 그러나 따지고 보면, 북한 핵 문제, 중국의 부상, 미국과의 동맹 등은 국제안보라는 영역에서 파생된 것들이다. 거대한 시스템인 국제정치의 통시적인 그러나 꼼꼼한 이해가 필요하다. 따라서 이 강의에서는 의도적으로 동북아 주제들을 빼고 이론적, 분석적 그리고 체제적 안보학을 학습하고자 한다

본 대학원 세미나는 국제정치이론과 안보학을 병합하여 국제정치상에서 관찰되었거나 현재 관찰되는 안보현황을 분석하는 것을 목표로 한다. 국제정치이론의 안보학 (security studies)에 대한 문헌을 강독하고, 과거와 현재의 안보사례를 분석한다.

이론적 학습과 정책의 적용을 동시에 추구하지만, 이는 수강생의 학습 목적에 따라 결정할 수 있다. 본 세미나의 주요 주제로는 핵확산, 대테러, 지역협의체, 환경안보, 불량국가, 패권국가, 부상국가, 국제기구, 국내정치 등이며 사실상 국제안보에 관한 포괄적 주제를 다룰 것이다. 각 주제에 부합하는 이론적 학습과 현상에 대한 설명적 이해를 중심으로 세미나를 진행할 것 이며, 무엇보다도 교수와 수강생간, 그리고 수강생간의 치열하고 비판적인 토론을 중심으로 세미나를 진행할 것이다. 교수는 세미나를 세미나처럼 운영할 것임을 명백히 할 것이며, 이에 수강생은 세미나 자료를 강독해야 할 것이다.

 

성적평가_Course Evaluation

성적평가방법은 석사과정의 경우 수업토론이 30%이며, 발제는 20%, 그리고 기말 논문이 50%이다.


박사과정은 수업토론이 20%, 발제 10%, 그리고 기말논문이 70%이다. 논문은 서평, 연구제안서, 연구보고서 중 1가지를 선택할 수 있다


석사과정의 경우, 서평과 연구제안서를 권고하며, 박사과정은 연구제안서와 연구보고서를 권고하지만


특정한 제약을 두지는 않겠


*논문 주제는  수와 면담 후 정하는 것을 원칙으로 할 것.

 

강의계획_Course Schedule

 

Week 1.  09.03 세미나 오리엔테이션 & 샘플강의

NO READING.

Week 2.  09. 10. 대체휴일

Week 3.  09. 17. 안보학의 이해

Stephen M. Walt, “Renaissance of Security Studies,”. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 35, No. 2. (Jun., 1991), pp. 211-239; 

Richard H. Ullman, “Redefining Security,” in Sean M. Lynn-Jones and Steven  E. Miller,eds., Global Dangers: Changing Dimensions of International Security (Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 1995),pp. 15-42;

David A. Baldwin, “The Concept of Security,” Review of International Studies, Vol. 23,No. 1 (January 1997), pp. 5-26;

Alan Collins, “Introduction: What is Security Studies,” in Alan Collins, ed., Contemporary Security Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), pp. 1-10;

함택영, 박영준 편, 안전보장의 국제정치학 (서울 : 사회평론, 2010), Ch.1 & Ch.2.

Week 4.  9.24 휴강

Week 5.  10.01. WAR AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS THEORIES

Patrick Morgan, “Security in International Politics: Traditional Approaches,” in Alan Collins, ed., Contemporary Security Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), pp. 13-34;


W. C. Wohlforth, “Realism and the End of the Cold War,” in M.E. Brown, S. M. Lynn-Jones and S.E. Miller, eds., The Perils of Anarchy: Contemporary Realism and International Security. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 1995, pp. 3-42;


Jervis, Robert. 2002. "Theories of War in an Era of Leading-Power Peace: Presidential Address, American Political Science Association, 2001." American Political Science Review 96 (1):1-14;


Jack S. Levy, "The Causes of War: A Review of Theories and Evidence," in Philip Tetlock etal, eds., Behavior, Society, and Nuclear War, vol. 1. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989. Pp. 209-333;

Jonathan Kirshner, “Rationalist Explanations for War? Security Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1 (Summer 2000), pp. 143-50;


Robert M. Sapolsky, ”A Natural History of Peace,” Foreign Affairs, vol. 85, no. 1 (January/February 2006), pp.104-120.;

 

David A. Lake, “Theory is dead, long live theory: The end of the Great Debates and the rise of  eclecticism in International Relations,” European Journal of International Relations (2013) ; 


Randall  L. Schweller, “Rational Theory for a Bygone Era,” Security Studies, 20:460-468, (2011) 


참고 : 함택영, 박영준 편, 안전보장의 국제정치학 (서울 : 사회평론, 2010),ch.3, ch.4 & ch.5.

 

 

Week 6.  10. 08. ON POWER

John J. Mearsheimer, The Tragedy of Great Power Politics, Ch. 3, pp. 5582;

Robert J. Art, “The Fungibility of Force,” in Robert Art and Kenneth Waltz, eds., The Use of Force: Military Power and International Politics, pp. 322;

Joseph Nye, Soft Power, Ch.s 1,3; Morgenthau, Hans J. Politics Among Nations (New York: Knopf., 1948) Ch. 9;

Leslie H. Gelb, “GDP Now Matters More Than Force,” Foreign Affairs (Nov./Dec. 2010). 

함택영, 국가안보의 정치경제학 : 남북한의 경제력, 국가역량, 군사력 (서울: 법문사, 1998), 2, 3.

 

Week 7.  10. 15. SECURITY DILLEMMA

Charles Glaser, "The Security Dilemma Revisited," World Politics 50 (October 1997): pp. 171-201;

Robert Jervis, "Cooperation Under the Security Dilemma," World Politics, Vol. 30, No.2 (January1978), pp. 317-349;

Stephen Biddle, “Rebuilding the Foundations of Offense-Defense Theory,” The Journal of Politics 63 (August 2001), pp. 741-77;

Steven. Van Evera, 1998. "Offense, Defense, and the Causes of War." International Security, vol. 22, no.4 (Winter 1988), pp. 5-43;

Week 8.  10. 22. 중간고사

 

Week 9.  10. 29. NUCLEAR POLITICS

Scott D. Sagan, “Why Do States Build Nuclear Weapons? Three Models in Search of a Bomb,” international Security 21, no. 3 (Winte

r 1996/97), pp. 54-86;


Kenneth N. Waltz, “Nuclear Myths and Political Realities,” American Political Science Review 84, no. 3 (September 1990), pp. 731-745;


Scott D. Sagan, "The Perils of  Proliferation: Organization Theory, Deterrence Theory, and the spread of Nuclear Weapons.

" International Security, Vol 18, No.4 (Winter, 1994.), pp. 66- 107;


John Mueller, “the Essential Irrelevance of Nuclear Weapons : Stability in the Post World,” International Security, Vol. 13, No.2 (Fall 1988),    pp. 55-79;


Etel Solingen, Nuclear Logis : Contrasting Paths in East Asia and the Middle East (Princeton : Princeton University Press, 2007), 

Ch.1 and  Ch2.

 
Week 10.  11. 5. RECIPROCITY AND SANCTIONS 

Daniel W. Drezner, “The Hidden Hand of Economic Coercion,” International Organization 57, no. 3 (Summer 2003): 643-659;

Richard Betts, “Is Strategy an Illusion?,”International Security (Fall 2000), pp.5-50

David Baldwin, "The Power of Positive Sanctions," World Politics 24 (October 1971):19-38;

 Robert Keohane, "Reciprocity in International Relations," International Organization 40 (1986):1-28. 

 

Week 11.  11. 12. DETERRENCE

Robert Jervis, "Deterrence Theory Revisited," World Politics, Vol. 31, No. 2 (January 1979), pp. 289-324; 
Robert Jervis, Perception and Misperception in International Politics, ch. 3, "Deterrence, the Spiral Model, and Perceptions of 
the Adversary.":
Paul Huth and ;ruce Russett, "What Makes Deterrence Work? Cases from 1900 to 1980," World Politics, Vol. 36, 
No. 4 (July 1984), pp. 496-526; 
 Christopher Achen and Duncan Snidal, "Rational Deterrence Theory and Comparative Case Studies,"  World Politics, 
  Vol. 41, No. 2   (January 1989), pp. 143-169. 
  Alexander George and Richard Smoke, "Deterrence and  Foreign Policy," World Politics, Vol. 41, No. 2 (January 1989), pp. 170-182; 
  Richard Ned Lebow and Janice Gross Stein, "Rational Deterrence Theory: I Think, Therefore I Deter," World Politics, Vol. 41,
   No. 2 (January 1989), pp. 208-224.
 
Week 12.  11. 19. DOMESTIC POLITICS AND WAR 

Stephen Walt, “Revolution and War,” World Politics 44, no. 3 (April 1992);

Jack Levy, “The Diversionary Theory of War: A Critique,”in Manus Midlarsky, ed., The Handbook of War Studies (Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1989);

Randall Schweller, “Unanswered Threats: A Neoclassical Theory of Underbalancing,”International Security, Vol. 29, No.2 (Fall, 2004), pp. 159-201. 

 
Week 13.  11. 26. RISE OF CHINA

Jonathan Kirshner, "The Consequences of China`s Economic Rise for Sino-U.S. Relations," in Robert S. Ross and Zhu Feng, eds., China`s Ascent: Power, Security, and The Future of International Politics (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2008);

John Ikenberry, “The Rise of China: Power, Institutions, and the Western Order,” in Robert S. Ross and Zhu Feng, eds., China`s Ascent: Power, Security, and The Future of International Politics (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2008). 

 
Week 14.  12. 3. LEADERS

Daniel L. Byman and Kenneth M. Pollack, “Let Us Now Praise Great Men: Bringing the Statesman Back In,” International Security 25 (March 2001): 107-146;  Jong Kun Choi, "Sunshine Over a Barren Soil: the Domestic Politics of Engagement

Identity Formation in South Korea" Asian Perspective, Vol. 34, No. 4 (December, 2010), pp. 115-138. 

 

Week 15. 12. 10. RISE OF THE REST

Charles A Kupchan, No One`s World : The West, the Rising Rest and the Coming Global Turn 

(Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2012), Ch.1, Ch, 4;


Fareed Zakaria, The Post American World Updated and Expanded 2.0 (New York : Norton, 2011), ch.1,2 and 4.